Game theory: a branch of mathematics that attempts to mathematically grasp behavior in strategic situations where an individual`s success in decision-making depends on the decisions of others, using applications in economics, politics, biology, engineering, etc. Term: in an algebraic expression or algebraic equation, either a single number or variable, or the product of several numbers and variables, which are separated from another term by a sign + or –, e.B. in the expression 3 + 4x + 5yzw are the 3, the 4x and the 5yzw are all distinct terms, in other words that are «similar» to each other. (Note: Coefficients may be different) This equation says: What is on the left (x + 2) is equal to what is on the group on the right (6): a mathematical structure composed of a set with an operation that combines two of its elements into a third element, for example. The set of integers and the operation of addition form a theory of group numbers: the branch of pure mathematics that deals with the properties of numbers in general and integers in particular coordinates: the ordered pair that indicates the position or position of a point on a plane of coordinates, determined by the distance of the point from the x and y axes, Like what. (2, 3.7) or (-5, 4) Probability theory: the branch of mathematics that deals with the analysis of random variables and events and the interpretation of probabilities (the probability of an event). Type theory: an alternative to naïve set theory, in which all mathematical entities are assigned to a type in a hierarchy of types, so that objects of a given type are constructed exclusively from objects of previous types lower in the hierarchy; Thus, loops and paradoxes prevent the theorem: a mathematical statement or hypothesis proven on the basis of predetermined theorems and previously accepted axioms, effectively proving the veracity of a polar coordinate statement or expression: a two-dimensional coordinate system in which each point of a plane is determined by its distance r from a fixed point (e.B. the origin) and its angle θ (theta) from a fixed direction (e.B. of the potentiation of the x-axis): mathematical operation in which a number (the base) is multiplied by itself a certain number of times (the exponent), usually written in exponent An, where a is the basis and n is the exponent, e.B. 43 = 4 x 4 4 trinomial: an algebraic equation with 3 terms, e.B.

3x + 5y + 8z; 3×3 + 2×2 + x; etc 3, + {displaystyle +} , 4, x {displaystyle x} , + {displaystyle +} , 5 and y {displaystyle y} are seven separate terms. rational numbers: numbers that can be expressed as a fraction (or ratio) a⁄b of two integers (the integers are therefore a subset of rational numbers), or alternatively a decimal number that ends after a finite number of digits or begins to repeat a Zermelo–Fraenkel set theory: the standard form of set theory and the most common basis of modern mathematics, based on a list of nine axioms (usually modified by a tenth, the selection axiom) on existing set types, usually abbreviated together as ZFC trigonometry: the branch of mathematics that studies the relationships between sides and angles of right-angled triangles and deals with trigonometric functions (sine, cosine, tangent and their reciprocal coefficients: term factors (i.e. numbers before letters) in a mathematical expression or equation, for example In the expression 4x + 5y2 + 3z, the coefficients for x, y2 and z are 4, 5 or 3 An expression is a group of terms (the terms are separated by + or − characters). Polynomial: an algebraic expression or equation with more than one term, constructed from variables and constants, using only addition operations; Subtraction, multiplication and non-negative integer exponents, e.B. 5×2 – 4x + 4y + 7 vector space: a three-dimensional area in which vectors can be represented, or a mathematical structure formed by a collection of vectors of projective geometry: a type of non-Euclidean geometry that takes into account what happens to shapes when they are projected onto a non-parallel plane, (e.B. a circle can be projected into an ellipse or hyperbolic slope: the slope or slope of a line, determined by reference to two points of the line, for example: The slope of the line y = mx + b is m and represents the rate at which y changes per unit of change in binomial x: a polynomial algebraic expression or an equation with only two terms, e.B. 2×3 – 3y = 7; x2 + 4x; etc Logic: the study of the formal laws of thought (mathematical logic the application of formal logic techniques to mathematics and mathematical thought and vice versa) A term is an operand or operator in a mathematical expression. y = 7x, y = sequence 2×3: ordered set whose elements are usually determined on the basis of a function of the accounts, for example: Logicism: the theory that mathematics is only an extension of logic and that, therefore, some or all mathematics is reducible to logical geometry: the part of mathematics that deals with size, of the shape and relative position of figures, or the study of lines, angles, shapes and their properties In an equation, the terms are all numbers/variables (such as 2 {displaystyle 2} or n {displaystyle n}) and all operators (such as + {displaystyle +} or × {displaystyle times }). Terms can be grouped in parentheses (often parentheses) in a global expression.

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